The headline in The Independent reads 'World’s largest chocolate manufacturer adds voice to warnings of 'potential cocoa shortage by 2020'.
The problem is we are consuming more cocoa than we can produce, and it is getting worse. Imagine a world where cocoa is so rare few people can afford it. Imagine a world where cocoa is so rare, foods made of it contain little of it. Is this a crisis? Will we survive a global cocoa shortage? I think it is safe to say we would (although there are some that might say otherwise), but what if the scarcity crisis was due to hit copper in 2020? How would we fare?
At first, the thought might be how can I compare copper to cocoa? After all, one is a non-renewable resource and the other is not. Isn't the solution to the potential cocoa shortage to plant more cocoa trees?
No. Cocoa production faces many of the same issues mining faces, including: land tenure rights, inadequate infrastructure, water shortages, global warming impacts, poverty, and labour conditions.
As for simply planting more trees - it takes years to grow a cocoa tree to a producing age. To have more cocoa production in five years, the planning has to already be under way.
This is similar to copper production. Mining companies take years to find and develop mineral deposits into active mines – work that is risky and expensive. The goal, of course, is for copper to be in high demand when the mine is fully operational. One of the risks is it will not be. It is all about supply and demand.
More importantly though, should we be looking for a simple fix to our problems? Would planting more trees solve the issue? Not with exponential growth in demand.
This is the same with mining.
Simply attempting to produce more - cocoa or copper - is not sustainable.
While it may prove easier to plant trees than find and extract a new copper deposit, what really matters is what is being done to create sustainable cultures around the harvesting of our resources, renewable and non-renewable, and this begins with each and every one of us.Over the next several months, follow our series of blog posts on rethinking resource extraction and consumption.
In the time of COVID-19, when our lives have been turned upside down, it can help to reflect on what has gone before, in order to find hope for what may come.
One of the most important minerals in human history, copper was as important for medicine and early technology as it is for us today. This blog discusses the use of copper, from ancient times down to the present.